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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  CASE REPORT
Management of Tooth Wear: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Tsz M Leung, Michael G Botelho, Yanqi Yang, Edward HT Ho
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:68] [Pages No:139-145] [No of Hits : 881]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1142 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: This case report aims to describe a conservative interdisciplinary approach to restore generalized tooth wear complicated with malalignment of teeth.

Introduction: Tooth wear is the surface loss of dental hard tissue, i.e., usually multifactorial in origin, excluding other than caries, trauma, or developmental disorder. Severe tooth wear impact the appearance, comfort, function, or longevity of the tooth. Prosthodontic management of patients with tooth wear has been well documented, although prosthodontic treatment is designed to correct minor malocclusion, patients with moderate-to-severe malocclusion accompanied by generalized tooth wear may require preprosthetic orthodontic intervention.

Case report: This case report describes a 47-year-old male patient with generalized tooth wear complicated with lack of interocclusal space and malalignment of teeth. Preventive measures were carried out to address the etiological factors of tooth wear. After orthodontic treatment, definitive restoration was placed in reorganized occlusion at an increased vertical dimension, which restored esthetic and function.

Conclusion: In this clinical report, generalized tooth wear with insufficient space for restoration, complicated by malalignment of teeth, was managed by way of an interdisciplinary approach which allowed a conservative full-mouth rehabilitation. After orthodontic treatment, a reorganized restorative approach was undertaken at an increased vertical dimension, providing an esthetic and functional solution. An occlusal night guard was provided to protect the dental restorations.

Clinical significance: Interdisciplinary approach allows a conservative management for patient with tooth wear complicated by malalignment of teeth.

Keywords: Case reports, Interdisciplinary, Prosthodontic management, Tooth wear.

How to cite this article: Leung TM, Botelho MG, Yang Y, Ho EHT. Management of Tooth Wear: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(2):139-145.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Clinical Performance of Porcelain Laminate Veneers with Minimal Preparation: A Systematic Review
Giovanna de FA da Costa, Boniek Castillo Dutra Borges, Isauremi V de Assunção
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5 ] [Number:1] [Pages:82] [Pages No:56-59] [No of Hits : 814]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1124 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate the longevity of ceramic laminates with minimally invasive preparations.

Materials and methods: The research was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases, using the keywords “dental veneers” or “dental porcelain” or “dental laminates” and survival or survivorship or longevity or “follow-up studies” and Kaplan-Meier. The studies selected for analysis were clinical trials where the ceramic laminates were made with anywhere from no cavity preparation to minimum preparation with a 1 mm maximum depth.

Results: Of 197 citations identified, five studies were included.

Conclusion: The survival of the ceramic laminates with minimal preparation is satisfactory, which leads us to conclude that the technique has longevity for 10 years.

Keywords: Ceramic laminates, Dental porcelain, Dental veneers, Longevity, Survival.

How to cite this article: de FA da Costa G, Borges BCD, de Assunção IV. Clinical Performance of Porcelain Laminate Veneers with Minimal Preparation: A Systematic Review. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):56-59.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Platelet-rich Fibrin Influences on Proliferation and Migration of Human Gingival Fibroblasts
Hao TT Nguyen, My TN Nguyen, Van NL Trinh, Thuy AV Pham, Nga Y Tran, Ha LB Tran
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:68] [Pages No:83-88] [No of Hits : 770]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1131 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: Our study focused on the fabrication of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and evaluated its influences on cell behaviors, including proliferation and migration.

Materials and methods: Platelet-rich fibrin was prepared from human peripheral blood according to Choukroun’s method without using nonanticoagulant and foreign factors for platelet activation. Platelet-rich fibrin architecture was studied by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The investigation of PRF effects on human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) was conducted via PRF liquid extract. Cell proliferation was determined via the number of cells after a period of time incubated in PRF liquid extract. Influence of PRF liquid extract on the migration of hGFs was conducted via scratch wound healing assay.

Results: Histological staining reviewed the natural fibrin fiber matrix of PRF. Platelet-rich fibrin liquid extract promoted hGF proliferation after 7 days of cultivation. Human gingival fibroblast proliferation in PRF liquid extract was more superior than those cultured in complete medium. Platelet-rich fibrin was also found to be able to promote the migration of hGFs for up to 48 hours.

Conclusion: These results indicated that PRF is suitable to be used as autologous natural biomaterial in supporting wound healing and in further application in periodontitis treatments.

Keywords: Gingival fibroblast, Migration, Periodontitis treatment, Platelet-rich fibrin, Proliferation.

How to cite this article: Nguyen HTT, Nguyen MTN, Trinh VNL, Tran NY, Ngo LTQ, Pham TAV, Tran HLB. Platelet-rich Fibrin Influences on Proliferation and Migration of Human Gingival Fibroblasts. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(2):83-88.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Prevalence of Dental Caries, Periodontal Diseases, and Periapical Pathoses among Patients attending a Tertiary Dental Care Center in Central Gujarat: A Hospital-based Cross-sectional Study
Manjiri Joshi, Mansi Tailor, Ajay Pala
[Year:2016] [Month:July-December] [Volume:5 ] [Number:2] [Pages:68] [Pages No:89-92] [No of Hits : 656]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1132 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental caries and periodontal disease are the two globally leading oral infections. There is considerable variation in the prevalence of these diseases. Also, these may lead to various periapical pathoses like periapical abscess, cysts, and so on. These may be attributed to differences in age, gender, sample size, geographical distribution, and protocol followed for diagnosis.

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of dental caries, gingivitis/periodontitis, and periapical pathoses in patients of all ages in a dental institute in central Gujarat.

Materials and methods: After obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee, a hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a dental institute of central Gujarat. A total of 4,642 patients were screened, out of which 2,849 subjects were included in the present study. Intraoral examination was done under all aseptic conditions by using a diagnostic set of instruments by trained professionals and the status of the pathology recorded according to the standard procedure. Data were stored in an Excel spreadsheet for analysis.

Results: It was observed that dental caries/pulp pathoses were more prevalent in the younger age group with mean age 23.1 years. All the other pathoses were observed among the middle age group (above 35 years). Overall prevalence of dental caries/pulp pathoses, gingivitis/periodontitis, and periapical pathoses was observed in 54.8% of males as compared to 45.2% females.

Conclusion: The current study collected significant data for the prevalence of three different odontogenic oral lesions in the central Gujarat geographical location at a tertiary level. There is male preponderance in the prevalence of these diseases in general. There is a need to generate awareness about oral health and the prevention of dental caries and gingivitis/ periodontitis and to institute measures for the provision of dental care services at the primary level.

Keywords: Periapical pathoses, Periodontitis, Pulp pathoses.

How to cite this article: Joshi M, Tailor M, Pala A. Prevalence of Dental Caries, Periodontal Diseases, and Periapical Pathoses among Patients attending a Tertiary Dental Care Center in Central Gujarat: A Hospital-based Cross-sectional Study. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(2):89-92.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Prevalence of Gingival Recession and associated Risk Factors among 18–45-Year-Old Who Attended a Dental Practice in Greece
Nikolaos Andreas Chrysanthakopoulos, Rajiv Saini
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5 ] [Number:1] [Pages:82] [Pages No:28-33] [No of Hits : 624]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1119 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess the prevalence of gingival recession and to investigate possible associations among gingival recession and periodontal and epidemiological variables in a sample of Greek adults in a general dental practice.

Materials and methods: A sample of 640 Greek adults was examined clinically and interviewed regarding several periodontal and epidemiological variables. Collected data included demographic background (age, gender, level of education), oral hygiene habits, and smoking status. Clinical examination included the recording of dental plaque and supragingival calculus presence, gingival status, and gingival recession. In addition, the association between gingival recession and the following variables was assessed: gender, smoking status, calculus presence, plaque control methods, plaque index, gingival index, and level of education. Multiple linear regression analysis was carried out to model the association of gingival recession with the mentioned potential risk factors.

Results: The overall prevalence of gingival recession was 62.7%. The performance of multiple linear regression analysis indicated that smoking (p = 0.001), plaque index (p = 0.021), gingival index (p < 0.0001), plaque control methods (p < 0.001), and level of education (p < 0.001) were the most important associated factors of gingival recession.

Conclusion: The present study indicates that an association exists between gingival recession and presence of gingival inflammation, inadequate oral hygiene habits, and smoking.

Keywords: Adults, Gingival recession, Prevalence, Risk factors.

How to cite this article: Chrysanthakopoulos NA, Saini R. Prevalence of Gingival Recession and associated Risk Factors among 18-45-Year-Old Who Attended a Dental Practice in Greece. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):28-33.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Intrusion of Overerupted Molars by Corticotomy and Fixed Orthodontic Appliances
Maria LAH de Souza, Rodrigo V Soares, Elton G Zenóbio, Matheus M Pithon, Dauro Douglas Oliveira
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5 ] [Number:1] [Pages:82] [Pages No:78-82] [No of Hits : 513]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1130 | FREE

ABSTRACT

In this article, a review of the literature regarding the use of selective alveolar corticotomies (SAC) combined with orthodontic treatment was conducted, and the results of its use in a patient with overerupted maxillary 1st molars are described. Adequate intrusion was obtained within a short period of time, the protocol avoided the necessity of removal of sound tooth structure for crown lengthening, endodontic treatment, and full crown prosthetic restorations. Therefore, the obtained results indicate that SAC/orthodontic use is efficient in the intrusion of overerupted 1st molars and suggest its potential use in the treatment of other malocclusions.

Keywords: Malocclusion, Oral, Surgery, Tooth movement.

How to cite this article: de Souza MLAH, Soares RV, Zenóbio EG, Pithon MM, Oliveira DD. Intrusion of Overerupted Molars by Corticotomy and Fixed Orthodontic Appliances. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):78-82.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Influence of QMix Irrigant on the Accuracy of Four Different Electronic Apex Locators
Mustafa Murat Koçak, Sibel Koçak, Baran C Sag?lam, Sevinç A Türker
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5 ] [Number:1] [Pages:82] [Pages No:23-27] [No of Hits : 504]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1118 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of four different electronic apex locators in the presence of various irrigation solutions or dry canal condition. Nineteen mandibular incisor teeth were selected. The real working lengths (RWL) of teeth were measured with #15 K-file. The electronic working lengths (EWLs) were measured with Root ZX mini, Raypex 6, iPex II, and Propex II under the condition of dry canal and in the presence of sodium hypochlorite and QMix. The difference between EWL and RWL was calculated. Root ZX mini was more accurate than Propex II under dry condition. No difference was found between the electronic apex locators in the presence of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). In the presence of QMix, Propex II and Root ZX mini demonstrated more accurate measurements than iPex II. Root ZX mini was found more accurate under dry condition than in the presence of QMix. Raypex 6 demonstrated more accuracy in the presence of QMix when compared with NaOCl. iPex II showed similar measurements with all tested solutions. Propex II was more accurate in the presence of QMix. All devices can be considered reliable when used with QMix irrigation solution and with any irrigant.

Keywords: Apex locator, NaOCl, QMix, Working length determination.

How to cite this article: Koçak MM, Koçak S, Saglam BC, Türker SA. Influence of QMix Irrigant on the Accuracy of Four Different Electronic Apex Locators. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):23-27.

Source of support: This study was financially supported by the Scientific Research and Development Office of Bülent Ecevit University (Grant no. 2013-27194235-02).

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  CASE REPORT
Third Molar Socket Grafting after Surgical Extraction to prevent Periodontal Pocket Formation
Mohammed Jasim Aljuboori, Rajiv Saini, Ng Ying Yi
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:76] [Pages No:65-68] [No of Hits : 1715]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1098 | FREE

ABSTRACT

There is an incidence of periodontal pocket formation and gingival recession on the distal of the lower second molar due to bone defect after third molar surgical removal. Patient referred suffering from recurrent pericoronities; after clinical and radiographic examination, the lower left 3rd molar is partially erupted and angulated in mesial direction. The radiograph shows there is bone deficiency on the distal of the adjacent 2nd molar. After 3rd molar surgical removal, cancellous bone graft placed on the socket with guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedure and complete primary closure with rotational flap. Patient follow-up after 3 and 6 months, bone formation observed on the distal of 2nd molar with the absence of periodontal pocket. Third molar socket bone grafting with cancellous allograft may be a predictable procedure to prevent periodontal pocket on the distal of the second molar.

Keywords: Third molar, Bone grafting, Guided bone regeneration, Periodontal pocket, Surgical tooth removal.

How to cite this article: Aljuboori MJ, Saini R, Yi NY. Third Molar Socket Grafting after Surgical Extraction to prevent Periodontal Pocket Formation. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):65-68.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Fibrin Sealant: A Review of Its Applications in Periodontal Surgery
Shaju Jacob, Sonia Nath
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:76] [Pages No:40-46] [No of Hits : 1636]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1093 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: Fibrin sealant is a biological tissue adhesive mimicking the final stage of coagulation. It has a wide variety of application in the field of periodontics. The aim of this article was to review current applications and identify potential use of fibrin sealant in periodontal surgical procedures on an evidence-based conclusion.

Materials and methods: An online search was performed in PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library databases using keywords fibrin sealant, fibrin glue, fibrin, regeneration, wound healing, tissue adhesive, gingival recession/therapy, surgical therapy, periodontal, and periodontitis in a mutually inclusive manner. The studies were evaluated by two independent reviewers for inclusion in this literature review.

Results: Out of 196 research papers identified, 59 articles were selected by the authors for this literature review, giving preference to clinical trials related to periodontal application.

Conclusion: Use of fibrin sealant is a simple, safe, costeffective, and rapid way to fix flaps and grafts avoiding any postoperative bleeding. Fibrin sealant has the property for regeneration when used in conjunction with a barrier membrane for formation of new connective tissue attachment. It is effective in microsurgical procedures and closing flaps around implant site. They initiate early wound healing through collagen synthesis and fibroblast proliferation. Fibrin sealant may be an alternate biomaterial for periodontal surgery which may stimulate periodontal wound healing and regeneration.

Keywords: Fibrin glue, Periodontal flap surgery, Regeneration, Tissue adhesive, Wound healing.

How to cite this article: Jacob S, Nath S. Fibrin Sealant: A Review of Its Applications in Periodontal Surgery. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):40-46.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
A Prospective Experimental Comparative Study on the Clinical Effects of Calculus Dissolution based Oral Rinse in Gingivitis Patients
Rajiv Saini
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:76] [Pages No:33-39] [No of Hits : 1593]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1092 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of calculus/tartar dissolution based oral rinse as an adjunct to toothbrushing in gingivitis patients for long-term effects on new supragingival calculus formation.

Materials and methods: After undergoing a dental prophylaxis, 60 gingivitis subjects with a moderate rate of calculus formation were stratified and randomly assigned to one of two groups: Control group (regular dentifrice alone) and experimental group (using a regular dentifrice and a calculus/tartar control mouthrinse). Subjects brushed and rinsed twice daily, unsupervised, for 6 months. All subjects were assessed with gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI) and calculus levels using the Volpe-Manhold Index (VMI) after 3 and 6 months.

Results: Statistical analysis found that the experimental group (which used a calculus/tartar contain mouthrinse) demonstrated statistically significantly lower VMI scores (p = 0.001) than control group (which used a regular dentifrice alone). In experiment test group A, there was decline in VMI score from 3 to 6 months by 23.12% as compared to group B where there was continuous increase in VMI scores from 3 to 6 months by 22.16%.

Conclusion: A mouthrinse containing tetrapotassium pyrophosphate and sodium tripolyphosphate as the anticalculus agent provides a clinically relevant reduction in calculus formation in subjects with a moderate rate of such formation.

Keywords: Anticalculus, Antitartar, Mouthrinse, Calculus.

How to cite this article: Saini R. A Prospective Experimental Comparative Study on the Clinical Effects of Calculus Dissolution based Oral Rinse in Gingivitis Patients. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):33-39.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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