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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  CASE REPORT
Third Molar Socket Grafting after Surgical Extraction to prevent Periodontal Pocket Formation
Mohammed Jasim Aljuboori, Rajiv Saini, Ng Ying Yi
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:76] [Pages No:65-68] [No of Hits : 1336]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1098 | FREE

ABSTRACT

There is an incidence of periodontal pocket formation and gingival recession on the distal of the lower second molar due to bone defect after third molar surgical removal. Patient referred suffering from recurrent pericoronities; after clinical and radiographic examination, the lower left 3rd molar is partially erupted and angulated in mesial direction. The radiograph shows there is bone deficiency on the distal of the adjacent 2nd molar. After 3rd molar surgical removal, cancellous bone graft placed on the socket with guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedure and complete primary closure with rotational flap. Patient follow-up after 3 and 6 months, bone formation observed on the distal of 2nd molar with the absence of periodontal pocket. Third molar socket bone grafting with cancellous allograft may be a predictable procedure to prevent periodontal pocket on the distal of the second molar.

Keywords: Third molar, Bone grafting, Guided bone regeneration, Periodontal pocket, Surgical tooth removal.

How to cite this article: Aljuboori MJ, Saini R, Yi NY. Third Molar Socket Grafting after Surgical Extraction to prevent Periodontal Pocket Formation. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):65-68.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
A Prospective Experimental Comparative Study on the Clinical Effects of Calculus Dissolution based Oral Rinse in Gingivitis Patients
Rajiv Saini
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:76] [Pages No:33-39] [No of Hits : 1081]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1092 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of calculus/tartar dissolution based oral rinse as an adjunct to toothbrushing in gingivitis patients for long-term effects on new supragingival calculus formation.

Materials and methods: After undergoing a dental prophylaxis, 60 gingivitis subjects with a moderate rate of calculus formation were stratified and randomly assigned to one of two groups: Control group (regular dentifrice alone) and experimental group (using a regular dentifrice and a calculus/tartar control mouthrinse). Subjects brushed and rinsed twice daily, unsupervised, for 6 months. All subjects were assessed with gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI) and calculus levels using the Volpe-Manhold Index (VMI) after 3 and 6 months.

Results: Statistical analysis found that the experimental group (which used a calculus/tartar contain mouthrinse) demonstrated statistically significantly lower VMI scores (p = 0.001) than control group (which used a regular dentifrice alone). In experiment test group A, there was decline in VMI score from 3 to 6 months by 23.12% as compared to group B where there was continuous increase in VMI scores from 3 to 6 months by 22.16%.

Conclusion: A mouthrinse containing tetrapotassium pyrophosphate and sodium tripolyphosphate as the anticalculus agent provides a clinically relevant reduction in calculus formation in subjects with a moderate rate of such formation.

Keywords: Anticalculus, Antitartar, Mouthrinse, Calculus.

How to cite this article: Saini R. A Prospective Experimental Comparative Study on the Clinical Effects of Calculus Dissolution based Oral Rinse in Gingivitis Patients. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):33-39.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Fibrin Sealant: A Review of Its Applications in Periodontal Surgery
Shaju Jacob, Sonia Nath
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:76] [Pages No:40-46] [No of Hits : 922]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1093 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: Fibrin sealant is a biological tissue adhesive mimicking the final stage of coagulation. It has a wide variety of application in the field of periodontics. The aim of this article was to review current applications and identify potential use of fibrin sealant in periodontal surgical procedures on an evidence-based conclusion.

Materials and methods: An online search was performed in PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library databases using keywords fibrin sealant, fibrin glue, fibrin, regeneration, wound healing, tissue adhesive, gingival recession/therapy, surgical therapy, periodontal, and periodontitis in a mutually inclusive manner. The studies were evaluated by two independent reviewers for inclusion in this literature review.

Results: Out of 196 research papers identified, 59 articles were selected by the authors for this literature review, giving preference to clinical trials related to periodontal application.

Conclusion: Use of fibrin sealant is a simple, safe, costeffective, and rapid way to fix flaps and grafts avoiding any postoperative bleeding. Fibrin sealant has the property for regeneration when used in conjunction with a barrier membrane for formation of new connective tissue attachment. It is effective in microsurgical procedures and closing flaps around implant site. They initiate early wound healing through collagen synthesis and fibroblast proliferation. Fibrin sealant may be an alternate biomaterial for periodontal surgery which may stimulate periodontal wound healing and regeneration.

Keywords: Fibrin glue, Periodontal flap surgery, Regeneration, Tissue adhesive, Wound healing.

How to cite this article: Jacob S, Nath S. Fibrin Sealant: A Review of Its Applications in Periodontal Surgery. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):40-46.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Anterior Middle Superior Alveolar Nerve Block Efficacy Utilizing different Anesthetic Solutions, Reduced Dosage and Conventional Syringe: A Breakthrough in Pain Control
Mustafa Tattan, Vladimir Kokovic
[Year:2015] [Month:July-December] [Volume:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:68] [Pages No:80-86] [No of Hits : 675]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1102 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: For over a decade of introducing the anterior middle superior alveolar (AMSA) injection, it has since majorly only been reported to show both pulpal and buccal mucosal effectiveness using a minimum of 0.9 ml of anesthetic solution.

Aim: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the AMSA nerve block efficacy using a reduced dosage and conventional syringe, while comparing the anesthetic effectiveness of lidocaine vs mepivacaine. A primary objective was to understand the behavioral difference between the two solutions, to better adapt their application into relevant clinical scenarios, where fewer injections are administered, pain control is better understood and implemented, and collateral anesthesia altering the natural lip line is eliminated.

Materials and methods: Twelve candidates (both sexes), of ages 18 to 24, were selected. All the participants received bilateral AMSA nerve block (split-mouth technique) using the conventional syringe, where 0.6 ml of lidocaine and mepivacaine 2% with epinephrine 1:100,000 were randomly administered to each side.

Results: Pulpal anesthesia on both premolar teeth showed 83.3% success within 15 minutes with lidocaine group (LG) and mepivacaine group (MG) alike. Buccal anesthesia at both premolar teeth showed 50% success within 15 minutes with LG and 54.2% with MG. There was no difference in anesthetic effectiveness between the two groups in pulpal anesthesia (p ≥ 0.05), and no significant difference in buccal mucosal anesthesia (p ≥ 0.05).

Conclusion: No statistically significant difference was observed between lidocaine and mepivacaine, while both expressed anesthetic effectiveness using a reduced dosage, as well as near painlessness using the conventional syringe.

Keywords: Anterior middle superior alveolar nerve block, Buccal mucosal anesthesia, Dental research, Lidocaine, Mepivacaine, Pulpal anesthesia.

How to cite this article: Tattan M, Kokovic V. Anterior Middle Superior Alveolar Nerve Block Efficacy Utilizing different Anesthetic Solutions, Reduced Dosage and Conventional Syringe: A Breakthrough in Pain Control. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(2):80-86.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic Rehabilitation of Mutilated Anterior Teeth with Custom Cast Post and Core Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Crowns
Virender Singh Legha, Dinesh Kumar Saini, KV Arun Kumar
[Year:2015] [Month:January-June] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:76] [Pages No:69-71] [No of Hits : 568]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1099 | FREE

ABSTRACT

An endodontically treated anterior tooth requires extracoronal restoration when the tooth structure is weakened or lost due to caries, endodontic treatment, placement of previous restorations and/or is discolored. The reduced tooth structure makes retention of extracoronal restoration difficult. The purpose of post is to provide retention for the core restoration, which replaces lost coronal structure. This article describes restoration of mutilated maxillary central incisors by using cast post and core, followed with porcelain fused to metal restorations.

Keywords: Cast post and core, Esthetics, Endodontic, Porcelain-fused-to-metal.

How to cite this article: Legha VS, Saini DK, Kumar KVA. Esthetic Rehabilitation of Mutilated Anterior Teeth with Custom Cast Post and Core Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Crowns. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):69-71.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  Review Article
Molar Incisor Hypomineralization
Navroop Kaur Bajwa, Mahesh Madhukar Jingarwar, Anuradha Pathak
[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:37-40] [No of Hits : 2291]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1066 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Developmental defects of tooth enamel are not uncommon, both in the primary and permanent dentition. An example of idiopathic enamel defect is molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). The condition is defined as a hypomineralization of systemic origin of one to four permanent first molars frequently associated with affected incisors. The prevalence of MIH is reported to vary between 2.4 and 40.2% in normal child populations. Management consists of early diagnosis, prevention of caries or posteruptive breakdown and interception if caries or breakdown has already ensued. Management challenges include difficulty in obtaining adequate anesthesia, increased incidence of caries, early pulpal involvement and gross destruction of clinical crown of affected teeth. In young permanent teeth, semipermanent crowns like stainless steel crowns for posterior teeth and direct composite veneering for anterior teeth are the recommended solutions.

Keywords: Molar incisor hypomineralization, Dioxins, Cheesy molars.

How to cite this article: Bajwa NK, Jingarwar MM, Pathak A. Molar Incisor Hypomineralization. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):37-40.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

 
7.  Research Articles
Comparing Shear Bond Strength of Two Step vs One Step Bonding Agents on Ground Enamel and Dentin: An in vitro Study
Darshan Deepak Shah, Manoj Chandak, Narendra Manwar, Shubhangi Mani, Ameet Mani, Rajiv Saini, Rushabh Malde
[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:1-3] [No of Hits : 1721]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1058 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the shear bond strength of Tetric N Bond (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Single Bond Universal Adhesive (3M ESPE, MN, USA) on ground enamel and dentin.

Materials and methods: A total of 30 extracted human maxillary and mandibular molars and premolars were used for this study and divided into two groups which were treated with Tetric N Bond (Ivoclar Vivaden) t- and Single Bond Universal Adhesive (3M ESPE, MN, USA). The shear bond strength was tested on Universal testing machine (Instron).

Results: There was statistically significant difference in the shear bond strength among the two groups.

Conclusion: Based on the results (Tetric N Bond, Ivoclar Vivadent) had higher bond strength than Single Bond Universal Adhesive (3M ESPE, MN, USA) on ground enamel and dentin.

Keywords: Shear bond strength, Tetric N bond, Single bond universal adhesive.

How to cite this article: Shah DD, Chandak M, Manwar N, Mani S, Mani A, Saini R, Malde R. Comparing Shear Bond Strength of Two Step vs One Step Bonding Agents on Ground Enamel and Dentin: An in vitro Study. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):1-3.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  Guest Editorial
Antibiotic Resistance — What can the Dental Care Sector do?
Peter Rothschild
[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:61] [Pages No:vii-viii] [No of Hits : 1700]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Antibiotic Resistance - What can the Dental Care Sector do?
The development of drug-resistant pathogens is extremely alarming. Today, infections that have been regarded as fairly mundane for many decades can in the worst case lead to a patient’s death. In Europe alone, 25,000 people die every year from infections that cannot be cured because of antibiotic resistance. Even with modern high-tech healthcare, where the capacity to cure diseases and save human lives has increased dramatically, the risks to the health and lives of patients as a result of infections that do not respond to any antibiotic are now very real.

 
9.  Original Article
Flexural Strength of E-glass-reinforced PMMA
Merin Mathew, Kamalakanth Shenoy, KS Ravishankar
[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:24-28] [No of Hits : 1681]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1063 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Poly (methyl 2- methylpropenoate) (PMMA) is one of the most widely accepted biomaterials due to its acceptable advantageous but the limitations associated with these materials make them far from being ideal. So, the present study is to achieve desirable flexural strength by reinforcing PMMA with E-glass fiber.

Aim: Determination of flexural strength of PMMA by varying the weight percentage of glass fiber (2.5 wt%, 5 wt%, 10 wt%), and by varying the aspect ratio (3 mm/20 µm, 6 mm/20 µm, 12 mm/20 µm) of glass fiber.

Materials and methods: Specimens prepared using a standard rectangular mold of 62 mm length, 10 mm breadth and 2.5 mm thickness. A total of 60 samples prepared (6 samples in each group) polymer-monomer ratio 2.4:1 by weight used to prepare samples. Flexural strength is tested using universal testing machine Instron. The microstructural analysis using scanning electron microscopy performed in order to understand the fiber matrix bonding. Detailed statistical analysis done by one-way ANOVA.

Results: Highest flexural strength is observed for the PMMA reinforced with 6 mm/20 µm fiber 2.5 wt%.

Keywords: PMMA, Flexural strength, Silane treated E-glass fiber.

How to cite this article: Mathew M, Shenoy K, Ravishankar KS. Flexural Strength of E-glass-reinforced PMMA. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):24-28.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

 
10.  Original Article
Comparison of Effects of Tooth Extraction and Air-rotor Stripping Therapy on Tooth-size Discrepancy in Class I Borderline Patients
Demet Kaya, Tulin Taner, Derya Germec-Cakan
[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:8-13] [No of Hits : 1652]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1060 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of tooth extraction and air-rotor stripping therapy on tooth-size discrepancy, and to compare the changes between two groups.

Materials and methods: The sample comprised the pre- and post-treatment dental models of 20 postadolescent class I borderline patients. First group was composed of dental models of 10 patients (mean age of 17.1 ± 2.5 years) treated with four first premolars extraction. Second group included dental models of 10 patients (mean age of 18.8 ± 2.7 years) treated with air-rotor stripping. Treatment effects on Bolton overall and anterior ratios/values were analyzed by paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test was used for intergroup comparisons.

Results: The change in Bolton overall ratio was found statistically significant for the extraction and insignificant for the air-rotor stripping group. A statistically significant decrease was observed in Bolton anterior ratio for the air-rotor stripping group. Neither four premolars extraction nor air-rotor stripping therapy created statistically significant changes in Bolton overall/anterior values. The changes in Bolton overall ratio/value did not show a statistically significant difference between the groups.

Conclusion: This study showed that tooth extraction or air-rotor stripping therapy did not have an unfavorable effect on toothsize discrepancy in class I borderline patients.

Keywords: Tooth extraction, Air-rotor stripping, Tooth-size discrepancy, Class I, Borderline patients.

How to cite this article: Kaya D, Taner T, Germec-Cakan D. Comparison of Effects of Tooth Extraction and Air-rotor Stripping Therapy on Tooth-size Discrepancy in Class I Borderline Patients. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):8-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

 
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