International Journal of Experimental Dental Science

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2013 ) > List of Articles


Removable Partial Denture with Bar or Plate: How should We Decide?

Istvan Gorzo

Citation Information : Gorzo I. Removable Partial Denture with Bar or Plate: How should We Decide?. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2013; 2 (2):104-109.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1050

Published Online: 01-06-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).



Although there is evidence that covering teeth by parts of a denture may damage teeth and the periodontium, the lingual plate is still common in clinical practice in many countries. The aim of this study was to compare the lingual plate and lingual bar type major connectors in the lower jaw as reflected in the literature.

Materials and methods

A literature search was carried out in PubMed for articles focusing on the possible effects of lingual plate major connector on the oral environment. Case and technical reports were excluded.


The lingual plate which covers the soft tissues of the periodontium and the hard tissues of teeth results in increased plaque accumulation, development of caries and gingivitis, which in turn results in periodontal breakdown. The lingual plate functions as a barrier to saliva circulation, decreasing selfcleaning of teeth on the covered surfaces. Wearing a linguoplate denture increases the likelihood of halitosis, corrosion and metallic taste. Patients have to wear a large volume of metal, which may cause difficulties in speech and may impair touch and form perception. The lingual plate may not satisfy the patient's esthetic expectations either. These issues are uncharacteristic for the use of lingual bar connector for removable partial denture.


A lingual bar should always be used in the lower removable partial denture, thus providing a hygienic denture design, comfort and esthetic appearance.

How to cite this article

Radnai M, Saini R, Gorzo I. Removable Partial Denture with Bar or Plate: How should We Decide? Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2013;2(2):104-109.

PDF Share
  1. The nature of the partial denture foundation: suggestions for its preservation. J Prosthet Dent 1952;2:210-218.
  2. Dental materials. In: Schwenzer N, editor. Prosthodontics and dental materials. Georg Thieme 1994. p. 1-137.
  3. Comparison of castability and surface roughness of commercially pure titanium and cobaltchromium denture frameworks. J Prosthet Dent 2001;86:93-98.
  4. Effect of material characteristics and/or surface topography on biofilm development. Clin Oral Implants Res 2006;17 (Suppl 2):68-81.
  5. An in vivo study of the influence of the surface roughness of implants on the microbiology of supra- and subgingival plaque. J Dent Res 1993;72:1304-1309.
  6. An evaluation of the effects of two distal extension removable partial denture designs on tooth stabilization and periodontal health Oral Rehabil 2005;32:823-829.
  7. Potential pathogenic aspects of denture plaque. Br J Biomed Sci 2007;64:180-189.
  8. Dentistry and internal medicine: from the focal infection theory to the periodontal medicine concept. Eur J Intern Med 2010;21: 496-502.
  9. High correlation between the bacterial species in denture plaque and pharyngeal microflora. Gerodontology 2003,20:84-87.
  10. Oral biology. India: Quintessence Publishing Co, 1995:469-478.
  11. Oral sugar clearance in elderly people with prosthodontic reconstructions. Scand J Dent Res 1991;99: 333-339.
  12. Xerostomia: a prevalent condition in the elderly. Ear Nose Throat J 1999;78:476-479.
  13. Caries prevention for patients with dry mouth. J Can Dent Assoc 2011;77:p85.
  14. Caries incidence following restoration of shortened lower dental arches in a randomized controlled trial. Br Dent J 2001;191(3):140-144.
  15. Relationship of removable partial denture use to root caries in an older population. Int J Prosthodont 1992;5:39-46.
  16. Oral health status of patients 5-6 years after placement of cobalt-chromium removable partial dentures. J Oral Rehabil 2000;27:183-189.
  17. Mastering the removable partial denture. Part one: basic reflections about construction. J Dent Technol 1997;14: 34-39.
  18. The effect of partial denture connectors on gingival health. J Clin Periodontol 1992;19: 589-594.
  19. The effect of removable partial denture framework design on gingival inflammation: a clinical model. J Prosthet Dent 1992;68:799-803.
  20. The effect of removable partial dentures on periodontal health of abutment and non-abutment teeth. J Periodontol 2002;73:137-144.
  21. Clinical evaluation of patients eight to nine years after placement of removable partial dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1984;51:736-743.
  22. Rigidity of three different types of mandibular major connector through vibratory observations. Int J Prosthodont 2001;14:510-516.
  23. Prosthetic and periodontal considerations of free-end removable partial dentures. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 1986;6:48-63.
  24. Oral malodor: a review of the literature. J Dent Hyg 2006 Summer;80(3):8.
  25. Malodour in denture wearers: an ill-defined problem. Oral Dis 2005;11 (Suppl 1):24-28.
  26. Association between oral malodour and adult periodontitis: a review. J Clin Periodontol 2001;28:813-819.
  27. Promoting esthetic procedures in the prosthodontic practice. J Prosthodont 2004,13:111-117.
  28. An overview of aesthetics with removable partial dentures. Quintessence Int 2002;33:747-755.
  29. Metal release from cobaltchromium partial dentures in the mouth. Acta Odontol Scand 1983;41:71-74.
  30. Release of cobalt from cobalt-chromium alloy constructions in the oral cavity of man. Scand J Dent Res 1982;90:472-479.
  31. Corrosion behaviour of dental metals and alloys in different media. J Oral Rehabil 1998;25:800-808.
  32. In vivo assessment of DNA damage induced in oral mucosa cells by fixed and removable metal prosthodontic appliances. Clin Oral Investig 2012;16:325-331.
  33. Subjective evaluation of major connector designs for mandibular removable partial dentures. Ankara Univ Hekim Fak Derg 1989;16:59-63.
  34. Discuss before fabricating: communicating the realities of partial denture therapy. Part I: patient expectations. J Can Dent Assoc 2003;69(2):90-94.
  35. Etiology of missing teeth. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd 1999;106:162-164.
  36. Oral conditions and aptitude to receive implants in patients with removable partial dentures: a cross-sectional study. Part I. Oral conditions. J Oral Rehabil 1996;23:50-54.
  37. Periodontal considerations in removable partial denture design. Compendium 1987;8:530-534, 536-599.
  38. Effect of oral hygiene education and motivation on removable partial denture wearers: longitudinal study. Gerodontology 2009;26:150-156.
  39. Periodontal considerations in removable partial denture treatment: a review of the literature. Int J Prosthodont 2001;14:164-172.
  40. Influence of removable partial denture on periodontal indices and microbiological status. J Oral Rehabil 2002;29:232-239.
  41. Influence of palatal coverage on oral function -oral stereognostic ability and masticatory efficiency. Prosthodont Res 2010;54(2):92-96.
  42. Indications for removable partial dentures: a literature review. Int J Prosthodont 2005;18: 139-145.
  43. What is the prevalence of various types of prosthetic dental restorations in Europe? Clin Oral Implants Res 2007;18 (Suppl 3):20-33.
  44. Titanium alloy removable partial denture framework in a patient with a metal allergy: a case study. Br Dent J 2012;213:123-124.
  45. Survey of partial removable dental prosthesis (partial RDP) types in a distinct patient population. J Prosthet Dent 2011;106:48-56.
  46. Removable partial denture design: a need to focus on hygienic principles? Int J Prosthodont 2002;15:371-378.
  47. Alternate framework designs for removable partial dentures. J Prosthet Dent 1998;80:58-66.
  48. Criteria for dental prosthodontics. Partial denture. In: Manual of the project: Quality insurance in dental medicine definition phase. Issued by the working group: Quality insurance in dental medicine. Würzburg 1988. p. 25-26.
  49. Periodontal aspects at removable partial dentures. Dtsch Zahnärztl Z 1986;41:913-926.
  50. Removable partial denture production in Western Germany. Quintessence Int 1995;26:621-637.
  51. Partial edentulism and removable partial denture design in a dental school population: a survey in Greece. Gerodontology 2011;28:177-183.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.