Can Enhanced Peroxides Decrease the Side Effects of Tooth Bleaching? A Systematic Review of the Literature
Boniek Borges, Mariana Vale, Felipe Afonso, Isauremi Assunção
Citation Information :
Borges B, Vale M, Afonso F, Assunção I. Can Enhanced Peroxides Decrease the Side Effects of Tooth Bleaching? A Systematic Review of the Literature. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014; 3 (2):84-91.
Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).
How to cite this article
Borges B, Vale M, Afonso F, Assunção I. Can Enhanced Peroxides Decrease the Side Effects of Tooth Bleaching? A Systematic Review of the Literature. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(2):84-91.
Prevalence of selfassessed tooth discolouration in the United Kingdom. J Dent 2004;32(7): 561-566.
A review of the efficacy of tooth bleaching. Dent Update 2009;36(9):537-548.
Bleaching agents with varying concentrations of carbamide and/or hydrogen peroxides: effects on dental microhardness and roughness. J Esthet Restor Dent 2008;20(6):395-404.
Microhardness evaluation of in situ vital bleaching and thickening agents on human dental enamel. Int J Periodontics Rest Dent 2010;30(2):203-211.
In situ study of in-office bleaching procedures using light sources on human enamel microhardness. Oper Dent 2010;35(2):139-146.
Enamel properties after tooth bleaching with hydrogen/carbamide peroxides in association with a CPP-ACP paste. Acta Odontol Scand 2012;70(4): 337-343.
Efficacy of a novel at-home bleaching technique with carbamide peroxides modified by CPP-ACP and its effect on the microhardness of bleached enamel. Oper Dent 2011;36(5):521-528.
Effect of ozone and Tooth Mousse on the efficacy of peroxide bleaching. Aust Dent J 2008;53(2):128-132.
In vivo study of two carbamide peroxide gels with different desensitizing agents. Oper Dent 2007;32(6):549-555.
Effect of fluoride containing bleaching agents on enamel surface properties. J Dent 2008;36(9):718-725.
Remineralization potential of a fluoridated carbamide peroxide whitening gel. J Esthet Restor Dent 2006;18(4):206-212.
Safety and efficacy of a nightguard bleaching agent containing sodium fluoride and potassium nitrate. Quintessence Int 2004;35(9):693-698.
Preliminary study of a novel in-office bleaching therapy modified with a casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate. Microsc Res Tech 2012; 75(11):1571-1575.
Effect of potassium nitrate and fluoride on carbamide peroxide bleaching. Quintessence Int 2001;32(10):766-770.
Effect of home-use and in-office bleaching agents containing hydrogen peroxide associated with amorphous calcium phosphate on enamel microhardness and surface roughness. J Esthet Restor Dent 2011;23(3):158-168.
Use of a bonding agent to reduce sealant sensitivity to moisture contamination: an in vitro study. Pediatr Dent 1992;14(1):41-46.
Comparison of the mechanical effects of a toothbrush and standard abrasive on human and bovine dentine in vitro. J Clin Dent 2001;12(4):92-96.
Correlation between the strength of glass ionomer cements and their bond strength to bovine teeth. Dent Mater J 2004;23(4):656-660.
Effects of bleaching agents containing fluoride and calcium on human enamel. Quintessence Int 2010;41(8):157-165.
Effects of the addition of fluoride and calcium to low-concentrated carbamide peroxide agents on the enamel surface and subsurface. Photomed Laser Surg 2011;29(5):319-325.
Preparation of a hydroxyapatite and hydrogen peroxide composite for tooth whitening. Biomed Mater Eng 2007;17(2):69-75.
Effect of carbamide peroxide-based bleaching agents containing fluoride or calcium on tensile strength of human enamel. J Appl Oral Sci 2006;14(2):82-87.
Influence of study design on the impact of bleaching agents on dental enamel microhardness: a review. J Dent 2009;25(2):143-157.
Clinical evaluation of 15% carbamide peroxide on the surface microhardness and shear bond strength of human enamel. Oper Dent 2007;32(5):427-436.
Enhancement of remineralization in vitro and in vivo. In: Leach AS, editor. Factors relating to demineralization and remineralization of the teeth. 3rd ed. Oxford: IRL: 1986. p. 23-34.
Effect of home bleaching systems on enamel nanohardness and elastic modulus. J Dent 2009;37(3):185-190.
Surface morphology changes in human enamel, dentin and cementum following bleaching: a scanning electron microscopy study. Endod Dent Traumatol 1996;12(2):82-88.
Effects of hydrogen peroxide containing bleaching agents on the morphology of human enamel. Quintessence Int 1996;27(1):53-56.
The effect of bleaching on enamel susceptibility to acid erosion and demineralization. Br Dent J 2005;198(5):285-290.
Effects of carbamide peroxide containing bleaching agents on the morphology and subsurface hardness of enamel. J Clin Pediatric Dent 2001;25(4):293-296.
Scanning electron microscopy observations of human bleached enamel surface. Acta Microsc 2001;1(Suppl A):41-42.
The effect of whitening agents on caries susceptibility of human enamel. Oper Dent 2005;30(2):265-270.
Effects of crest whitestrips bleaching on subsurface microhardness and ultrastructure of tooth enamel and coronal dentin. Am J Dent 2004;17(1):5-11.
Brushing effect of abrasive dentifrices during at-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide on enamel surface roughness. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006;7(1):25-34.
Effects of dental bleaching on micro- and nano-morphological alterations of the enamel surface. Am J Dent 2007;20(1):35-40.
Demineralization effects of two bleaching procedures on enamel surfaces with and whithout post-treatment fluoride application. Oper Dent 2006;31(6):705-709.
Influence of carbimide peroxide on enamel fluoride uptake. J Dent 2006;34(9):668-675.
Effect of a carbamide peroxide bleaching gel containing calcium or f luoride on human enamel surface microhardness. Braz Dent J 2005;16(2): 103-106.
Susceptibility of enamel surfaces to demineralization after application of fluoridated carbamide peroxide gels. Caries Res 2003;37(2): 93-99.
Effect of fluoridated bleaching gels on the remineralization of predemineralized bovine enamel in vitro. J Dent 2009;37(2):156-162.
A rotating disc study of enamel dissolution in HEDP solution under simulated white spot conditions. J Dent Res 1980;59(7):1180-1186.
Physical and compositional changes on demineralized primary enamel induced by CO2 Laser. Photomed Laser Surg 2009;27(4):585-590.
Chemistry of enamel subsurface demineralization in vitro. J Dent Res 1974;53(2):226-235.
Mineral loss from bovine enamel by a 30% hydrogen peroxide solution. J Oral Rehabil 2006;33(3):229-233.
The clinical performance of professionally dispensed bleaching gel with added amorphous calcium phosphate. Adv Dent Res 2005;136(3): 383-392.
Open Dent J 2011;2(5):18-23.
A split-mouth placebo-controlled study to determine the effect of amorphous calcium phosphate in the treatment of dentine hypersensitivity. J Clin Periodontol 1998;25(8):687-692.
Dental applications of amorphous calcium phosphates. J Clin Dent 1999;10(1 Specno):1-6.
Hypersensitive teeth: Experimental studies of dentinal desensitizing agents. Dent Clin North Am 1990;34(3):491-501.
Hypersensitive dentinal pain attenuation with potassium nitrate. Gen Dent 1999;47(1):42-45.
Deposition of fluoride on dentine and cementum after topical applications of 2% NaF. In: Thylstrup A, Leach S, Qvist V, editors. Dentine and Dentine Reactions in the Oral Cavity. Oxford: England: IRL Press: 1987. p. 199-206.
Enamel fluoride uptake, distribution and retention from topical fluoride agents. Caries Res 1983;17(1):44-51.
Fluoride content in human enamel after fluoride application and washing: An in vitro study. Caries Res 1975;9(5):363-372.
Science and Medical Applications of Hydroxyapatite. Tokyo: Takayama Press System Center Co. Inc.: 1991.
Effects of hydroxiapatite toothpastes on vital tooth color. J Dent Res 2002, IADR/AADR/CADR 80th General Session.
Effects of prism orientation on tensile strengh of enamel. J Adhes Dent 2000;2(4):251-257.
Preliminary clinical reports of a novel nightguard tooth bleaching technique modified by CPP-ACP. Eur J Esthet Dent 2011;6(4):446-453.
Ozone therapy in dentistry: A strategic review. J Nat Sc Biol Med 2011;2:151-153.