Fibrin sealant is a biological tissue adhesive mimicking the final stage of coagulation. It has a wide variety of application in the field of periodontics. The aim of this article was to review current applications and identify potential use of fibrin sealant in periodontal surgical procedures on an evidence-based conclusion.
Materials and methods
An online search was performed in PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library databases using keywords fibrin sealant, fibrin glue, fibrin, regeneration, wound healing, tissue adhesive, gingival recession/therapy, surgical therapy, periodontal, and periodontitis in a mutually inclusive manner. The studies were evaluated by two independent reviewers for inclusion in this literature review.
Out of 196 research papers identified, 59 articles were selected by the authors for this literature review, giving preference to clinical trials related to periodontal application.
Use of fibrin sealant is a simple, safe, costeffective, and rapid way to fix flaps and grafts avoiding any postoperative bleeding. Fibrin sealant has the property for regeneration when used in conjunction with a barrier membrane for formation of new connective tissue attachment. It is effective in microsurgical procedures and closing flaps around implant site. They initiate early wound healing through collagen synthesis and fibroblast proliferation. Fibrin sealant may be an alternate biomaterial for periodontal surgery which may stimulate periodontal wound healing and regeneration.
How to cite this article
Jacob S, Nath S. Fibrin Sealant: A Review of Its Applications in Periodontal Surgery. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(1):40-46.
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