International Journal of Experimental Dental Science

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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Relationship between Obesity and Periodontal Status in Vietnamese Patients: A Pilot Study

Thuy Anh Vu Pham, Xuan Ngoc Thi Nguyen

Citation Information : Pham TA, Nguyen XN. Relationship between Obesity and Periodontal Status in Vietnamese Patients: A Pilot Study. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015; 4 (2):119-123.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1109

Published Online: 01-12-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives

To investigate periodontal status and the relationship between obesity and periodontal status in female patients who first visited the Traditional Medicine Institute, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam.

Materials and methods

One hundred and three female patients aged 18 or older, including 45 obese subjects and 58 nonobese subjects were enrolled in a period of 5 months from February to June 2014. The information on sociodemographic characteristics and dental habits were collected by questionnaire. Periodontal status [plaque index (PI1), gingival index (GI), bleeding on prabing (BOP), pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL)] was examined and the anthropometric index was measured.

Results

There was significantly higher prevalence of periodontitis (40.0%) in obese females than nonobese females (13.8%). The means values of periodontal parameters in obese females were significantly higher than those in nonobese females. Significantly, higher percentage of subjects who did not use dental flossing, or less regularly visited dental offices, or less regularly had their teeth scaled and polished was in the obese group than those in the nonobese group. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that age [odds ratio (OR = 3.60)], routine of dental visit (OR = 3.75) and obesity (OR = 3.46) were significantly related to periodontitis.

Conclusion

Periodontal status in obese subjects was poorer than nonobese ones. Obesity, age and dental visit were associated with periodontitis in Vietnamese female patients.

How to cite this article

Pham TAV, Nguyen XNT. Relationship between Obesity and Periodontal Status in Vietnamese Patients: A Pilot Study. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2015;4(2): 119-123.


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