International Journal of Experimental Dental Science

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2017 ) > List of Articles


Depth-of-cure of Bulk-fill Composites Cured in Tooth or Opaque Substrate

Brent W Church, Daranee Tantbirojn, Thuydung Do, Martha H Wells, Antheunis Versluis

Citation Information : Church BW, Tantbirojn D, Do T, Wells MH, Versluis A. Depth-of-cure of Bulk-fill Composites Cured in Tooth or Opaque Substrate. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2017; 6 (2):68-73.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1159

License: CC BY 3.0

Published Online: 01-12-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).



To determine the effect of substrate on the depth-of-cure determination when using hardness profiles in a covered-slot technique and to introduce a new covered-slot method that uses tooth substrates.

Materials and methods

Three bulk-fill composites and one conventional composite were tested: Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Venus Bulk Fill, Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable, Filtek Supreme Ultra. The composites were light-cured in rectangular slots (2 mm deep, 2 mm wide) made in a plaster mold or an extracted tooth. The slots were covered with an orange glass plate during curing, leaving one end exposed for light-curing. After curing, the glass plate was removed and the sample was stored in the dark for 24 hours before Vickers hardness was measured as a function of depth at 0.5-mm intervals. Results were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and pairwise comparisons (significance level 0.05).


The hardness of composites cured in covered-slot molds decreased with increasing depth (p < 0.001). Bulk-filled composites cured in plaster molds had a slightly lower depth-of-cure than those cured in natural tooth substrates. Differences between the tooth and plaster substrates were significant at all depths in the “packable” bulk-fill composite (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill), and were significant at ≥2.5 and ≥3.5 mm in the flowable bulk-fill composites (Filtek Bulk Fill Flowable and Venus Bulk Fill) respectively.


Using natural tooth substrates in the covered-slot method increased the depth-of-cure of bulk-filled composites in comparison to opaque plaster molds.

How to cite this article

Church BW, Tantbirojn D, Do T, Wells MH, Versluis A. Depth-of-cure of Bulk-fill Composites Cured in Tooth or Opaque Substrate. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2017;6(2):68-73.

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