Knowledge, Attitude, and Perceived Mental Healthcare Needs of Turkish Dentistry Students Regarding the COVID-19 Pandemic
Nurcan Altas, Zeynep C Yilmaz
COVID-19, Dental students, Knowledge
Citation Information :
Altas N, Yilmaz ZC. Knowledge, Attitude, and Perceived Mental Healthcare Needs of Turkish Dentistry Students Regarding the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2020; 9 (2):31-37.
Aim and objective: An outbreak can only be prevented if people have adequate knowledge regarding the disease, are aware of the possible risks, and alter their attitudes and behaviors accordingly. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), as well as the concerns and perceived mental healthcare needs, among dentistry students. Materials and methods: A questionnaire was completed by 4th- and 5th-year dental students. Part 1 included items regarding the students’ characteristics and concerns. Parts 2, 3, and 4 contained items regarding the students’ knowledge, attitudes, and perceived mental healthcare needs about COVID-19. Results: This study included 224 students. They indicated a moderate knowledge level (7.35 ± 1.26), positive attitude score (42.98 ± 2.96), and high perceived mental healthcare needs (3.31 ± 0.97). Most students were aware of the source (89.7%), transmission route (99.1%), and incubation period (98.21%). Further, 4th-year students were significantly more worried than 5th-year students that the pandemic would affect their medical skills. Conclusion: Our findings revealed deficiencies in knowledge regarding COVID-19 among dentistry students. Therefore, there is a need to increase knowledge about COVID-19 among studies. Moreover, universities and governments should search for new channels for students’ concerns and mental healthcare needs. Clinical significance: There is a need to increase knowledge about COVID-19 among studies through several means, including lessons, and universities and governments should search for new channels for students’ concerns and mental healthcare needs.
Mahase E. Coronavirus COVID-19 has killed more people than SARS and MERS combined, despite lower case fatality rate. BMJ 2020;18(368):m641. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.m641.
The WHO Oral Health website. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/weekly-epidemiological-update---24-november-2020. Accessed 24 November 2020.
The WHO Oral Health website. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/clinical-management-of-covid-19. Accessed 13 Mar 2020.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/infectioncontrol/statement-COVID.html. Accessed 27 Mar 2020.
Ajilore K, Atakiti I, Onyenankeya K. College students’ knowledge, attitudes and adherence to public service announcements on Ebola in Nigeria: suggestions for improving future Ebola prevention education programmes. Health Educ J 2017;76(6):648–660. DOI: 10.1177/0017896917710969.
Tachfouti N, Slama K, Berraho M, et al. The impact of knowledge and attitudes on adherence to tuberculosis treatment: a case-control study in a Moroccan region. Pan Afr Med J 2012;12:52.
Person B, Sy F, Holton K, et al. National Center for Infectious Diseases/SARS community outreach team. fear and stigma: the epidemic within the SARS outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis 2004;10(2):358–363. DOI: 10.3201/eid1002.030750.
Khosravanifard B, Rakhshan V, Najafi-Salehi L, et al. Tehran dentists’ knowledge and attitudes towards hepatitis B and their willingness to treat simulated hepatitis B positive patients. East Mediterr Health J 2014;20(8):498–507. DOI: 10.26719/2014.20.8.498.
Halboub ES, Al-Maweri SA, Al-Jamaei AA, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practice of infection control among dental students at Sana'a University, Yemen. J Int Oral Health 2015;7(5):15–19.
Cleveland JL, Gray SK, Harte JA, et al. Transmission of blood-borne pathogens in US dental health care settings: 2016 update. J Am Dent Assoc 2016;147(9):729–738. DOI: 10.1016/j.adaj.2016.03.020.
Chen Y, Tong X, Wang J, et al. High SARS-CoV-2 antibody prevalence among healthcare workers exposed to COVID-19 patients. J Infect 2020;81(3):420–426. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.05.067.
Asaad A, El-Sokkary R, Alzamanan M, et al. Knowledge and attitudes towards middle east respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) among health care workers in south-western Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J 2020;26(4):435–442. DOI: 10.26719/emhj.19.079.
Hawryluck L, Gold WL, Robinson S, et al. SARS control and psychological effects of quarantine, Toronto, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis 2004;10(7):1206–1212. DOI: 10.3201/eid1007.030703.
Khader Y, Al Nsour M, Al-Batayneh OB, et al. Dentists’ awareness, perception, and attitude regarding COVID-19 and infection control: cross-sectional study among jordanian dentists. JMIR Public Health Surveill 2020;6(2):e18798. DOI: 10.2196/18798.
Meng L, Hua F, Bian Z. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): emerging and future challenges for dental and oral medicine. J Dent Res 2020;99(5):481–487. DOI: 10.1177/0022034520914246.
Samaranayake LP, Peiris M. Severe acute respiratory syndrome and dentistry: a retrospective view. J Am Dent Assoc 2004;135(9):1292–1302. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2004.0405.
Althomairy SA, Baseer MA, Assery M, et al. Knowledge and attitude of dental health professionals about middle east respiratory syndrome in Saudi Arabia. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2018;8(2):137–144. DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_9_18.
Roy D, Tripathy S, Kar SK, et al. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian J Psychiatr 2020;51:102083. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102083.
Khan MU, Shah S, Ahmad A, et al. Knowledge and attitude of healthcare workers about middle east respiratory syndrome in multispecialty hospitals of Qassim, Saudi Arabia. BMC Public Health 2014;14(1):1281. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1281.
Odacı H. Risk-taking behavior and academic self-efficacy as variables accounting for problematic internet use in adolescent university students. Child Youth Serv Rev 2013;35(1):183–187. DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.09.011.
The WHO Oral Health website. Available from: https://covid19.who.int/. Accessed 29 November 2020.
Esmaeelinejad M, Mirmohammadkhani M, Naghipour A, et al. Knowledge and attitudes of Iranian dental students regarding infection control during the COVID-19 pandemic. Braz Oral Res 2020;34:e121. DOI: 10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0121.
Umeizudike KA, Isiekwe IG, Fadeju AD, et al. Nigerian undergraduate dental students’ knowledge, perception, and attitude to COVID-19 and infection control practices. J Dent Educ 2020. 21. DOI: 10.1002/jdd.12423.
Duruk G, Gümüşboğa ZŞ, Çolak C. Investigation of Turkish dentists’ clinical attitudes and behaviors towards the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey study. Braz Oral Res 2020;34:e054. DOI: 10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0054.
Peng Y, Pei C, Zheng Y, et al. A cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitude and practice associated with COVID-19 among undergraduate students in China. BMC Public Health 2020;20(1):1292. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-09392-z.