International Journal of Experimental Dental Science

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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Face Masks—Rationale in Prevention of Respiratory Viral Epidemic (COVID-19)

Fahad Ahmad, Syed M Hasan, Stephan Rai

Keywords : Fabric mask, Face mask, N95, Respirator, Surgical mask,COVID-19

Citation Information : Ahmad F, Hasan SM, Rai S. Face Masks—Rationale in Prevention of Respiratory Viral Epidemic (COVID-19). Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2020; 9 (1):16-24.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1208

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 11-10-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Almost every country in the world is struggling with the recent crisis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Droplets and contact are considered as main transmission routes in human-to-human transfer of coronavirus infection. Physical distancing and meticulous hand hygiene are key measures recommended to prevent the infection. Lately, wearing of face mask by general public is also added in the measures to curb the spread of COVID-19. However, different types of masks have created confusion among general public to choose proper face mask. Moreover, shortage of surgical masks and respirators (N95/equivalent or higher version) due to sudden rise in demand has driven health authorities to bring about alternate policies to compensate insufficient supply. This article reviews availability of various types of masks, their usage, and role in prevention of respiratory viral infection, especially coronavirus. In addition, recommended guidelines of extended use and reuse of mask during short supply, especially in recent pandemic, have also been reviewed.


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