International Journal of Experimental Dental Science

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2014 | January-June | Volume 3 | Issue 1

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Shirley Telles

Editorial

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/ijeds-3-1-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Charles D Schlesinger

Guest Editorial

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/ijeds-3-1-vii  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Shubhangi Mani, Darshan Deepak Shah, Narendra Manwar, Rushabh Malde

Comparing Shear Bond Strength of Two Step vs One Step B onding Agents on Ground Enamel and Dentin: An in vitro Study

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:1 - 3]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1058  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To compare the shear bond strength of Tetric N Bond (Ivoclar Vivadent) and Single Bond Universal Adhesive (3M ESPE, MN, USA) on ground enamel and dentin.

Materials and methods

A total of 30 extracted human maxillary and mandibular molars and premolars were used for this study and divided into two groups which were treated with Tetric N Bond (Ivoclar Vivaden) t- and Single Bond Universal Adhesive (3M ESPE, MN, USA). The shear bond strength was tested on Universal testing machine (Instron).

Results

There was statistically significant difference in the shear bond strength among the two groups.

Conclusion

Based on the results (Tetric N Bond, Ivoclar Vivadent) had higher bond strength than Single Bond Universal Adhesive (3M ESPE, MN, USA) on ground enamel and dentin.

How to cite this article

Shah DD, Chandak M, Manwar N, Mani S, Mani A, Saini R, Malde R. Comparing Shear Bond Strength of Two Step vs One Step Bonding Agents on Ground Enamel and Dentin: An in vitro Study. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):1-3.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Study on C-reactive Protein in Periodontal Diseases: Estimation and Correlation in Health, Gingivitis and Periodontitis and its Assessment after Scaling and Root Planing

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:4 - 7]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1059  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Periodontitis is associated with elevated levels of systemic inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP). This study is outlined to determine and correlate the C-reactive CRP level in health, gingivitis and periodontitis and to assess the CRP values after complete scaling and root planing.

Materials and methods

A total of 60 systemically healthy subjects enrolled in the study. Out of which 20 subjects each categorized under three groups, i.e. periodontally healthy, gingivitis and periodontitis. Clinical parameters and serum CRP is recorded at the baseline 15th and 30th day.

Results

Patients with chronic periodontitis had statistically significant elevations in serum CRP levels as compared to gingivitis and absence of detection of serum CRP level in health group. Results showed a highly significant change in clinical parameters and serum CRP with regard to improvement in the gingival inflammation and reduced bleeding on probing and plaque accumulation from the baseline when compared to the 15th day and 30th day.

Conclusion

A correlation exists between the periodontal disease and CRP, as the periodontal disease regresses the value of CRP lowers down significantly. Nonsurgical periodontal treatment, i.e. scaling and root planing was effective in reducing the levels of serum CRP.

How to cite this article

Saini R. Study on C-reactive Protein in Periodontal Diseases: Estimation and Correlation in Health, Gingivitis and Periodontitis and its Assessment after Scaling and Root Planing. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):4-7.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Demet Kaya, Tülin Taner, Derya Germeç-Çakan

Comparison of Effects of Tooth Extraction and Air-rotor Stripping Therapy on Tooth-size Discrepancy in Class I Borderline Patients

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:8 - 13]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1060  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The objectives of this study were to investigate the effects of tooth extraction and air-rotor stripping therapy on tooth-size discrepancy, and to compare the changes between two groups.

Materials and methods

The sample comprised the preand post-treatment dental models of 20 postadolescent class I borderline patients. First group was composed of dental models of 10 patients (mean age of 17.1 ± 2.5 years) treated with four first premolars extraction. Second group included dental models of 10 patients (mean age of 18.8 ± 2.7 years) treated with air-rotor stripping. Treatment effects on Bolton overall and anterior ratios/values were analyzed by paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test was used for intergroup comparisons.

Results

The change in Bolton overall ratio was found statistically significant for the extraction and insignificant for the air-rotor stripping group. A statistically significant decrease was observed in Bolton anterior ratio for the air-rotor stripping group. Neither four premolars extraction nor air-rotor stripping therapy created statistically significant changes in Bolton overall/anterior values. The changes in Bolton overall ratio/value did not show a statistically significant difference between the groups.

Conclusion

This study showed that tooth extraction or air-rotor stripping therapy did not have an unfavorable effect on toothsize discrepancy in class I borderline patients.

How to cite this article

Kaya D, Taner T, Germeç-Çakan D. Comparison of Effects of Tooth Extraction and Air-rotor Stripping Therapy on Tooth-size Discrepancy in Class I Borderline Patients. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):8-13.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Timuçin Baykul, Müge Çina Aksoy, Gülperi Koçer, Gülsün Yildirim, Doğan Dolanmaz

Conservative Treatment of Dentigerous Cysts in Childhood

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:14 - 18]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1061  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objectives

Developmental odontogenic jaw cysts are generally connected with impacted or unerupted teeth. The conservative treatment options of these types of cysts will be presented.

Study design

In this study 17 cases operated in Süleyman Demirel and Selcuk Universities Faculty of Dentistry were included. The data of the cases were documented with respect to age, sex, localization, symptoms, presence of unerupted teeth on panoramic radiographs. The cysts were treated with marsupialization with an obturator made of acrylic resin in nine patients and a tube drain in eight patients to keep the window open.

Results and conclusion

Marsupialization was evaluated as extremely effective in 15 patients, the cysts completely disappeared and the permanent teeth were erupted, in two patients the cysts disappeared but the teeth were not erupted.

Enucleation, marsupialization or their combination are the conventional treatment options of the jaw cysts. Large cysts may localize nearby the important anatomical structures or may involve unerupted permanent teeth. These kind of cysts may be treated with marsupialization in order to protect these anatomical structures or to allow the eruption of the permanent teeth.

Marsupialization should be considered as an effective conservative treatment method of the jaw cysts during mixed dentition in the childhood.

How to cite this article

Aksoy MÇ, Koçer G, Yildirim G, Baykul T, Dolanmaz D. Conservative Treatment of Dentigerous Cysts in Childhood. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):14-18.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mahin Bakhshi, Soheila Manifar, Nemat Azizi, Samira Basir Shabestari, Abbas Hossein Mardi, Iman Shirinbak, Aida Mehdipour

Efficacy of BioXtra Spray and Mouthwash in Patients with Radiation-induced Xerostomia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:19 - 23]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1062  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Xerostomia is an important complication following radiotherapy for head and neck regions producing serious discomfort for patients. Symptomatic treatments for the disease include strict oral hygiene and use of artificial saliva substitutes. The present study compared the efficacy of BioXtra spray and mouthwash in the relief of radiotherapy-induced xerostomia in patients referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Materials and methods

In a cross-over randomized clinical trial, BioXtra spray and mouth wash were used by 20 patients for 2 weeks with a 1 week wash-out period. The ease of application and the patients’ acceptance of the products were obtained using 100 mm visual analog scale (VAS) and dichotomous scales. We used SPSS version. 18.0 to analyze our data considering level of significance less than 0.05.

Results

Both forms of BioXtra showed similar effect in reducing oral dryness and its complications. The mean VAS was 33.2 for spray and 34.5 for mouthwash. Majority of our patients reported improvements in xerostomia after using spray (85%) and mouthwash (70%), respectively. The patients’ acceptance of both modalities was similar and they showed equal tendency to continue the treatments. No significant differences in symptoms relief as well as judgment of the regimens were found between groups.

Conclusion

BioXtra spray and mouthwash are similarly effective in reducing the symptoms of postradiotherapy xerostomia.

How to cite this article

Bakhshi M, Manifar S, Azizi N, Shabestari SB, Mardi AH, Shirinbak I, Mehdipour A. Efficacy of BioXtra Spray and Mouthwash in Patients with Radiationinduced Xerostomia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):19-23.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Merin Mathew, Kamalakanth Shenoy, KS Ravishankar

Flexural Strength of E-glass-reinforced PMMA

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:24 - 28]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1063  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background

Poly (methyl 2-methylpropenoate) (PMMA) is one of the most widely accepted biomaterials due to its acceptable advantageous but the limitations associated with these materials make them far from being ideal. So, the present study is to achieve desirable flexural strength by reinforcing PMMA with E-glass fiber.

Aim

Determination of flexural strength of PMMA by varying the weight percentage of glass fiber (2.5 wt%, 5 wt%, 10 wt%), and by varying the aspect ratio (3 mm/20 µm, 6 mm/20 µm, 12 mm/20 µm) of glass fiber.

Materials and methods

Specimens prepared using a standard rectangular mold of 62 mm length, 10 mm breadth and 2.5 mm thickness. A total of 60 samples prepared (6 samples in each group) polymer—monomer ratio 2.4:1 by weight used to prepare samples. Flexural strength is tested using universal testing machine Instron. The microstructural analysis using scanning electron microscopy performed in order to understand the fiber matrix bonding. Detailed statistical analysis done by one-way ANOVA.

Results

Highest flexural strength is observed for the PMMA reinforced with 6 mm/20 µm fiber 2.5 wt%.

How to cite this article

Mathew M, Shenoy K, Ravishankar KS. Flexural Strength of E-glass-reinforced PMMA. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):24-28.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Maryam Baharvand, Hossein Karami, Hamed Mortazavi

Evaluation of Life Quality in Patients with Oral Mucosal Lesions

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:29 - 32]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1064  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The mouth does many functions, such as speaking, chewing, taste perception and swallowing. Therefore, any pathologic changes of oral mucosa might affect patients’ life quality. The aim of this study was to investigate quality of life (QoL) in patients with oral mucosal lesions.

Materials and methods

A total of 40 patients with oral mucosal lesions attending at Oral Medicine Department of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Dental School entered in a cross-sectional study. Variables, such as age, sex, level of education, kind of lesions, systemic disease and medicine consumptions were recorded in data sheets, and QoL was assessed using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire -Head and Neck 35 (EORTC-QLQ-H&N35). Data were analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software (version 16), backward regression model, student's t-test and Chi-square test.

Results

Out of 40 patients with mean age of (44 ± 13), 25(62.5%) were women and 15(37.5%) were men. The mean score of life quality was 43.8 ± 9.8 (range of score: 30-120), whereas in mostly frequent oral lesions it was reported to be 41.7 ± 6.4 (lichen planus), 40.8 ± 6.7 (mucocele), 42.4 ± 7.2 (irritation fibrosis), respectively. Regression analysis showed that higher levels of education affect quality of life and its aspects of pain, sexual function, xerostomia, swallowing and speaking negatively. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis deteriorated aspects of pain, and eating of QoL. However, irritation fibrosis and mucocele aggravated QoL in terms of swallowing and social relationship respectively.

Conclusion

Oral mucosal lesions deteriorate QoL mildly. Different dimensions of life quality can be affected by recurrent aphthous stomatitis, irritation fibrosis and mucocele.

How to cite this article

Baharvand M, Karami H, Mortazavi H. Evaluation of Life Quality in Patients with Oral Mucosal Lesions. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):29-32.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ramya Kotha, Reddy Sudhakarareddy, Satish Alapati

Correlation of Anemia, Xerostomia and its Association with Candidial Colonization among Postmenopausal Women of Different Socioeconomic Status in Patients Attending Dental School in South India

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:33 - 36]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1065  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background and objectives

Menopause is a physiological state that gives rise to adaptive changes at both oral and systemic level. One of the major problems in these patients is burning mouth syndrome though no appreciable organic lesions are present. Xerostomia is another frequent symptom seen in menopause. The present study was undertaken to correlate between possible oral complications – xerostomia, anemia, and candidal colonization among postmenopausal women of different socioeconomic statuses. With this background the present study was undertaken to correlate between possible oral complications – xerostomia, anemia, and candidal colonization among postmenopausal women of different socioeconomic statuses.

Materials and methods

After obtaining explained and informed consent, 40 females subjects with age range from 40 to 80 years attending outpatient department of our dental school were included in the study. A specially designed proforma was used to record demographic details and annual percapita income. A structured questionnaire was used for assessing clinical subjective symptoms of xerostomia. Hemoglobin estimation was done by cyanomethemoglobin method. Saliva sampling for estimation of colony forming units was performed using oral rinse technique.

Results

Total sample of 40 subjects anemia was prevalent in 57.5%. Xerostomia was prevalent in 75% of total sample. Association between anemia and xerostomia status showed a significant positive correlation (p = 0.04) between anemia and xerostomia. Correlation between socioeconomic status with the variables (xerostomia score and candidal counts) showed no significant positive correlation.

Conclusion

Dental practitioners need to be aware about menopause and its oral manifestations as a possible risk factor for various oral health problems. Oral physicians should be vigilant and encourage postmenopausal women to seek appropriate oral healthcare which in turn improves systemic health.

How to cite this article

Kotha R, Sudhakarareddy R, Alapati S. Correlation of Anemia, Xerostomia and its Association with Candidial Colonization among Postmenopausal Women of Different Socioeconomic Status in Patients Attending Dental School in South India. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):33-36.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Navroop Kaur Bajwa, Mahesh Madhukar Jingarwar, Anuradha Pathak

Molar Incisor Hypomineralization

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:37 - 40]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1066  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Bajwa NK, Jingarwar MM, Pathak A. Molar Incisor Hypomineralization. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):37-40.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Merve N Kadioglu, Mehmet Fatih Senturk, Aysegül Mine Tuzuner Oncul, Mine Cambazoglu

Repositioning of the Mental Nerve in Case of Severe Mandibular Atrophy: A Case Series

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:41 - 43]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1067  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kadioglu MN, Senturk MF, Oncul AMT, Cambazoglu M. Repositioning of the Mental Nerve in Case of Severe Mandibular Atrophy: A Case Series. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):41-43.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Huma Iftekhar, Mukhtar Andrabi

Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of Fractured Central Incisors using Biological Post

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:44 - 48]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1068  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Iftekhar H, Kumar A, Andrabi M. Esthetic and Functional Rehabilitation of Fractured Central Incisors using Biological Post. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014; 3(1):44-48.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Apollonia Desiate, Stefania Cantore, Andrea Ballini

Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: A Genetic Disorder with Oral Manifestations

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:49 - 52]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1069  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Ballini A, Cantore S, Desiate A. Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia: A Genetic Disorder with Oral Manifestations. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014; 3(1): 49-52.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Yavuz Findik, Timuçin Baykul, Mert Bülte

Huge Solitary Bone Cyst located in Posterior Mandible

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:53 - 56]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1070  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Fındık Y, Baykul T, Bülte M. Huge Solitary Bone Cyst located in Posterior Mandible. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):53-56.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Gutka Chewing (Spit Tobacco): A Common Cause for Teeth Discoloration in India

[Year:2014] [Month:January-June] [Volume:3] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:57 - 58]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1071  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Saini R. Gutka Chewing (Spit Tobacco): A Common Cause for Teeth Discoloration in India. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2014;3(1):57-58.

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