To assess the prevalence of gingival recession and to investigate possible associations among gingival recession and periodontal and epidemiological variables in a sample of Greek adults in a general dental practice.
Materials and methods
A sample of 640 Greek adults was examined clinically and interviewed regarding several periodontal and epidemiological variables. Collected data included demographic background (age, gender, level of education), oral hygiene habits, and smoking status. Clinical examination included the recording of dental plaque and supragingival calculus presence, gingival status, and gingival recession. In addition, the association between gingival recession and the following variables was assessed: gender, smoking status, calculus presence, plaque control methods, plaque index, gingival index, and level of education. Multiple linear regression analysis was carried out to model the association of gingival recession with the mentioned potential risk factors.
The overall prevalence of gingival recession was 62.7%. The performance of multiple linear regression analysis indicated that smoking (p = 0.001), plaque index (p = 0.021), gingival index (p < 0.0001), plaque control methods (p < 0.001), and level of education (p < 0.001) were the most important associated factors of gingival recession.
The present study indicates that an association exists between gingival recession and presence of gingival inflammation, inadequate oral hygiene habits, and smoking.
How to cite this article
Chrysanthakopoulos NA, Saini R. Prevalence of Gingival Recession and associated Risk Factors among 18–45-Year-Old Who Attended a Dental Practice in Greece. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):28-33.