International Journal of Experimental Dental Science

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2016 | January-June | Volume 5 | Issue 1

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Health Communication: A Key Component of Public Health

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/ijeds-5-1-iv  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Roger M Weed

Digital Dentistry and Dental Education

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/ijeds-5-1-vi  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Amel Slimani, Fares Nouioua, Ivan Panayotov, Nicolas Giraudeau, Kitamura Chiaki, Yoshii Shinji, Thierry Cloitre, Bernard Levallois, Csilla Gergely, Frédéric Cuisinier, Hervé Tassery

Porphyrin and Pentosidine Involvement in the Red Fluorescence of Enamel and Dentin Caries

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:10] [Pages No:1 - 10]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1115  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Slimani A, Nouioua F, Panayotov I, Giraudeau N, Chiaki K, Shinji Y, Cloitre T, Levallois B, Gergely C, Cuisinier F, Tassery H. Porphyrin and Pentosidine Involvements in the Red Fluorescence of Enamel and Dentin Caries. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):1-10.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Abdillah Imron Nasution

Microstrain of Human Root Dentin after Chelating Agents Application

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:11 - 15]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1116  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

To determine the effect of ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) and RcPrep to microstrain of human root dentin.

Materials and method

Fifteen extracted human premolars were sectioned at the cementoenamel junction using a diamond bur disk. Every group was then sectioned horizontally in the third cervical, third middle and third apical to have total of 45 specimens. Based on the test solutions used, specimens were divided randomly into three groups: (1) the EDTA group: 0.05 ml of 17% EDTA for 15 minute (n = 15), (2) the RcPrep group, 0.05 ml of 15% EDTA-urea peroxide-carbowax for 15 minutes (n = 15), and (3) the control group, 1 ml of 0.9% saline for 15 minutes (n = 15). All specimens were prepared for the determination of microstrain of root dentin using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The microstrain of root dentin calculated using the equation ? = Br cos?/sin? then statistically analyzed using regression test.

Result

Analysis of regression between control and treatment groups were significant (p < 0.05). The microstrain was significantly greater with 17% EDTA when compared with 15% RcPrep. In addition, based on XRD result, all specimens showed same patterns as apatite groups. The pattern of RcPrep group showed better material than EDTA group.

Conclusion

EDTA and RcPrep can contribute to improvements of microstrain of root dentin. In comparing these properties, the RcPrep showed lower effect than EDTA.

How to cite this article

Nasution AI. Microstrain of Human Root Dentin after Chelating Agents Application. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):11-15.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Umit Karacayli, Hale Cimilli, Gonca Mumcu, Nur Sisman, Nilufer Bora, Ramazan O Catar, Leyla Koksal, Inci Oktay

Utilization of Dental Service and Quality of Life in Preschool Children

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:7] [Pages No:16 - 22]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1117  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between dental service utilization and oral health-related quality of life status in preschool children.

Materials and methods

In this cross-sectional study, 165 five-year-old preschool children (F/M: 77/88) were included. Data were collected by clinical examinations, a questionnaire regarding oral health-related factors, and early childhood oral health impact scale (ECOHIS) for oral health-related quality of life.

Results

In emergency visits, the ratios of having dental pain, dental sensitivity, tooth decay, tooth loss were higher than the others (p < 0.05). Moreover, ECOHIS-Total, ECOHIS-Child, and ECOHIS-Family scores were higher in children with poor oral health status compared with good ones (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Early childhood oral health impact scale score related with oral health status could be used to evaluate priority for emergencies in this age group.

How to cite this article

Sisman N, Bora N, Catar RO, Karacayli U, Cimilli H, Koksal L, Oktay I, Mumcu G. Utilization of Dental Service and Quality of Life in Preschool Children. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):16-22.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mustafa Murat Koçak, Sevinç A Türker

Influence of QMix Irrigant on the Accuracy of Four Different Electronic Apex Locators

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:23 - 27]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1118  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Koçak MM, Koçak S, Sa?lam BC, Türker SA. Influence of QMix Irrigant on the Accuracy of Four Different Electronic Apex Locators. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):23-27.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Nikolaos Andreas Chrysanthakopoulos

Prevalence of Gingival Recession and associated Risk Factors among 18–45-Year-Old Who Attended a Dental Practice in Greece

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:28 - 33]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1119  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To assess the prevalence of gingival recession and to investigate possible associations among gingival recession and periodontal and epidemiological variables in a sample of Greek adults in a general dental practice.

Materials and methods

A sample of 640 Greek adults was examined clinically and interviewed regarding several periodontal and epidemiological variables. Collected data included demographic background (age, gender, level of education), oral hygiene habits, and smoking status. Clinical examination included the recording of dental plaque and supragingival calculus presence, gingival status, and gingival recession. In addition, the association between gingival recession and the following variables was assessed: gender, smoking status, calculus presence, plaque control methods, plaque index, gingival index, and level of education. Multiple linear regression analysis was carried out to model the association of gingival recession with the mentioned potential risk factors.

Results

The overall prevalence of gingival recession was 62.7%. The performance of multiple linear regression analysis indicated that smoking (p = 0.001), plaque index (p = 0.021), gingival index (p < 0.0001), plaque control methods (p < 0.001), and level of education (p < 0.001) were the most important associated factors of gingival recession.

Conclusion

The present study indicates that an association exists between gingival recession and presence of gingival inflammation, inadequate oral hygiene habits, and smoking.

How to cite this article

Chrysanthakopoulos NA, Saini R. Prevalence of Gingival Recession and associated Risk Factors among 18–45-Year-Old Who Attended a Dental Practice in Greece. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):28-33.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Isha Dilipsingh Bagga, Kruti A Shah, Naman Rajeshkumar Rao, Pratik Jain

To compare Clinical and Anesthetic Efficacy of 4% Articaine, 0.5% Bupivacaine, and 2% Lignocaine in Maxillary Extractions

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:34 - 39]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1120  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Materials and methods

The study was conducted in Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, on 50 systemically healthy subjects (18–75 years) requiring multiple maxillary extractions. Patients were labeled into 3 groups (2% lignocaine, 4% articaine, 0.5% bupivacaine using split mouth technique. Parameters includes: Time of anesthetic onset, Duration of postoperative analgesia, Postoperative anesthesia, and visual analog scale (VAS). A volume of 1.8–2 ml of 2% lignocaine or 4% articaine or 0.5% bupivacaine was infiltrated in the buccal vestibule (local infiltration) before extraction.

Results

The results showed that time of onset of action was significantly faster in 4% articaine when compared to 2% lignocaine and 0.5% bupivacaine.

Conclusion

Articaine have being proved to have better potency and efficacy in terms of onset of action and lower pain scores comparison but lignocaine still remained the gold standard local anesthetic agent in Dental practice due to its faster time of onset, less time of anesthesia and cost effectiveness when compared articaine and bupivacaine. Bupivacaine proved more efficient in pain control and remained concentrated for major procedures.

How to cite this article

Bagga ID, Shah KA, Rao NR, Jain P. To compare Clinical and Anesthetic Efficacy of 4% Articaine, 0.5% Bupivacaine, and 2% Lignocaine in Maxillary Extractions. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):34-39

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sohani Maroli

Comparative Evaluation of Efficacy of Two New Commercially Available Desensitizing Agents: An in vivo Study

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:40 - 44]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1121  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

To compare the clinical efficacy of two commercially available desensitizing agents, Fluorprotector vivampuole and GLUMA comfort bond plus desensitizer in the treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity.

Materials and methods

A total of 203 teeth were selected for study. Patients who presented with a history of sensitivity to hot/cold, sweet, and sour food were examined using light tactile response along the cervical margin of the teeth. The assessment methods used to quantify sensitivity were tactile test, air blast test, and cold water test. The subjects were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1: GLUMA comfort bond plus desensitizer; group 2: Fluorprotector vivampuole (newly introduced by Ivoclar). The patients were evaluated for sensitivity at five appointments: at baseline, immediately after application of the agent, 1 day after application, after 1 week, and after 1 month.

Results

Patients belonging to group 2 showed significantly better results compared with patients of group 1 at 4 weeks.

Conclusion

Both the desensitizing agents showed significant reduction in sensitivity at all time intervals compared with baseline. However, Fluorprotector vivampuole appeared to be more effective in providing long-term relief against all the three test stimuli.

Clinical Significance

Fluorprotector vivampuole is a newly introduced fluoride varnish which is clear and colorless. It can be used in cases of dentinal hypersensitivity without affecting the aesthetics of the patient, particularly in case of anterior teeth.

How to cite this article

Maroli S. Comparative Evaluation of Efficacy of Two New Commercially Available Desensitizing Agents: An in vivo Study. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):40-44.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mohammad Khan, Shamima Easmin Nishi, Sumaiya Jabin Yusufzai, Nafij Bin Jamayet, Mohammad Khursheed Alam

Oral Health Status among Madrasa going Children in Selected Areas of Dhaka City, Bangladesh

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:45 - 49]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1122  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Khan M, Nishi SE, Yusufzai SJ, Jamayet NB, Alam MK. Oral Health Status among Madrasa going Children in Selected Areas of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):45-49.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Arpapan Bundit, Pusadee Yotnuengnit, Sirinun Wisetsin, Apichart Chittacharoen

A Randomized Controlled Trial and Radiographic Evaluation of Adjunctive Periodontal Treatment with Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:6] [Pages No:50 - 55]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1123  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The objective of this study was to use clinical parameters, digital subtraction analysis, and computer intensity measurement to evaluate the effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation in adult periodontitis patients with vertical bony defect after initial therapy.

Materials and methods

A total of 31 systemically healthy patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis and normal serum calcium level were included. The most obvious proximal vertical bony defect was selected in each patient as an area of interest (AOI). Subjects received initial periodontal therapy. They were randomized into two groups. The test group (n= 17) received calcium (600 mg twice daily) and vitamin D (0.25 µg once daily) supplements for 6 months. The control group (n= 14) received placebos. At baseline and 6 months, probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and standardized vertical bitewing radiographs were recorded for the AOI.

Results

A greater percentage of patients in the test group (64.7%) than in the control group (35.7%) gained bone according to both radiographic evaluation methods. At baseline and 6 months, no significant intragroup or intergroup differences in PPD and CAL were observed. Slightly greater PPD reduction and CAL gain were noted in the test group.

Conclusion

Periodontal healing of vertical bony defects was better among patients who used calcium and vitamin D supplements than among control patients. Although the difference was not statistically different between the groups, the test group tended toward more improvement.

How to cite this article

Bundit A, Yotnuengnit P, Wisetsin S, Chittacharoen A. A Randomized Controlled Trial and Radiographic Evaluation of Adjunctive Periodontal Treatment with Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):50-55.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Boniek Borges, Giovanna de FA da Costa, Isauremi V de Assunção

Clinical Performance of Porcelain Laminate Veneers with Minimal Preparation: A Systematic Review

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:56 - 59]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1124  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

To investigate the longevity of ceramic laminates with minimally invasive preparations.

Materials and methods

The research was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases, using the keywords “dental veneers” or “dental porcelain” or “dental laminates” and survival or survivorship or longevity or “follow-up studies” and Kaplan-Meier. The studies selected for analysis were clinical trials where the ceramic laminates were made with anywhere from no cavity preparation to minimum preparation with a 1 mm maximum depth.

Results

Of 197 citations identified, five studies were included.

Conclusion

The survival of the ceramic laminates with minimal preparation is satisfactory, which leads us to conclude that the technique has longevity for 10 years.

How to cite this article

de FA da Costa G, Borges BCD, de Assunção IV. Clinical Performance of Porcelain Laminate Veneers with Minimal Preparation: A Systematic Review. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):56-59.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

PR Ganesh

Potential Risk of Prion Transmission during Periodontal Surgeries

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:60 - 63]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1125  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Key message

Iatrogenic transmission during regenerative periodontal surgeries with alloplasts and zoografts along with cross-contamination from previously used inadequately disinfected surgical instruments constitutes a very real risk for prion infection transmission in the periodontal office.

How to cite this article

Ganesh PR. Potential Risk of Prion Transmission during Periodontal Surgeries. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):60-63.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Uthpala S Malwatte, Aruni Tilakaratne

Nonsurgical Approach in Periodontal Therapy for a Patient with Metabolic Syndrome

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:64 - 68]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1126  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this article is to describe the effect nonsurgical periodontal therapy can have on the improvement in the glycemic and lipid indices of patients with metabolic syndrome (MS).

Background

Combination of noncommunicable diseases has become increasingly common among the people at present. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity, and hypertension. Periodontal disease (PDD) is also a common entity among many people. The heightened chance of PDD in the diabetic patient is well established. Among the treatment modalities for PDD, nonsurgical therapy plays a major role. Reduction of the major causative factors of PDD can bring about a massive improvement of the disease through this approach.

Case description

Periodontal management of an adult patient with MS via nonsurgical periodontal therapy alone had shown dramatic improvement of periodontal as well as general health of the patient at the completion of the treatment.

Conclusion

Improvement of glycemic indices of diabetic patients has been shown with periodontal treatment in conjunction with medical treatment.

Clinical Significance

Value of a dental professional in diagnosing metabolic diseases through detection of periodontal and other dental complications cannot be underestimated. A well-executed nonsurgical periodontal therapy alone can bring about a massive improvement of the PDD condition as well as other metabolic diseases, such as DM, emphasizing the importance of proper collaboration among the dental surgeons with the medical practitioner.

How to cite this article

Malwatte US, Jayasinghe VP, Tilakaratne A. Nonsurgical Approach in Periodontal Therapy for a Patient with Metabolic Syndrome. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):64-68.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Mayuri Jain

True Fibroma on the Palate: A Unique Case

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:69 - 71]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1127  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Jain M. True Fibroma on the Palate: A Unique Case. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):69-71.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

R Kranthi Kumar, BV Thimma Reddy, Neha Nayan

Restoration of Mutilated Primary Maxillary Incisors using Biological Restorations under General Anesthesia

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:72 - 75]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1128  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kumar KR, Reddy BVT, Nayan N. Restoration of Mutilated Primary Maxillary Incisors using Biological Restorations under General Anesthesia. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):72-75.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Pulkit Khandelwal, Shirish Dubey, Neha Hajira

Abnormal Anatomical Location of Root of Second Premolar in Mental Foramen: A Very Rare Case

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:76 - 77]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1129  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Khandelwal P, Dubey S, Hajira N. Abnormal Anatomical Location of Root of Second Premolar in Mental Foramen: A Very Rare Case. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):76-77.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Maria LAH de Souza, Rodrigo V Soares, Elton G Zenóbio, Matheus M Pithon, Dauro Douglas Oliveira

Intrusion of Overerupted Molars by Corticotomy and Fixed Orthodontic Appliances

[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:5] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:78 - 82]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10029-1130  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

de Souza MLAH, Soares RV, Zenóbio EG, Pithon MM, Oliveira DD. Intrusion of Overerupted Molars by Corticotomy and Fixed Orthodontic Appliances. Int J Experiment Dent Sci 2016;5(1):78-82.

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